Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative coins prohibit the circulation of silver-like coins
This coin is a "sample coin forbidden to circulate in Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative coin". The front center is a profile of Sun Yat-sen,
with the words "Republic of China" and "Founding Commemorative Coin" cast on the upper ring, one plum blossom each with five petals on the left and right,
meaning "Five Rights Constitution", and the words "No Circulation of Coin-like Silver" on the outermost ring.
The design of this coin pattern pays more attention to fine carving, and the words and ornamentation of the coin are carved and described properly,
which makes people feel very harmonious when watching it. The word "one circle" is in the center of the back of this coin,
which is supplemented by golden harvest pattern on the left and right sides, and each branch has one ear and three leaves,
which represents the meaning of "Three People's Principles". English is cast around the bead circle for a week,
and hexagonal star patterns are arranged on the left and right lower parts. The outermost part is English,
which is a sample currency that is forbidden to circulate. Compared with other coins, this currency is extremely special and rare.
Because it is a sample currency, it never circulated in the market during the Republic of China, and has a very high collection value.
On December 29, 1911, after the Revolution of 1911, representatives of 17 provinces that had been restored to China elected Sun Yat-sen as the interim president
of the Republic of China in Nanjing. On January 3, 1912, the government of the Republic of China was proclaimed, the Qing Dynasty perished, and the
feudal autocratic monarchy that lasted for more than 2,000 years in China ended. When the Republic of China was founded, because the
monetary system had not yet been established, most of the major mints still used the former Qing steel mold to cast silver coins for circulation,
except Sichuan to cast Dahan silver coins and Fujian to cast Chinese ingots. Due to the confusion of the monetary system, Chen Jintao,
the finance minister of the interim government, submitted a letter to President Sun Yat-sen on March 11th of the first year of the Republic of China,
casting 10 million yuan of commemorative silver coins for rectification. The pattern adopts the portrait of Sun Yat-sen, the president,
and the pattern style will be changed for the future general silver coins. Sun Yat-sen ordered the Ministry of Finance to write articles,
agreed to drum-cast commemorative coins, and ordered the rest of the general silver coins to have new patterns,
"the grain model should be drawn in the middle, taking the meaning of being rich in years and full of people, and advising the regulations of agricultural business",
instructing the Ministry of Finance to make new models quickly, and ordering the mints in various provinces to drum-cast according to the pattern. Soon,
the Ministry of Finance awarded a new model to mints in Jiangnan (Nanjing), Hubei, Guangdong, etc.
This is the origin of the "Founding Commemorative Coin of Sun Yat-sen Image of the Republic of China".
Cultural relic research
Annotation of "moral" in the pattern of founding commemorative coins;
The official script "people" → popularity lengthened the last stroke of the word "people", which was interpreted as overthrowing the Manchu Dynasty,
symbolizing the victory of democracy (the people came forward) and declaring that it was the government of the masses.
Plum blossom → one for each of the left and right five petals, and those who have the meaning of the five rights constitution also. After that,
it is regarded as the national flower (five powers: legislative power, judicial power, administrative power,
impeachment power and examination power).
Beans and wheat ears → On March 2, the first year of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen issued an interim presidential decree, which stipulated the new currency style.
"It is planned to publish a new model and drum commemorative coins ... The rest of the general new coins should be painted with a grain model in the middle.
Take the meaning of being rich and full of people, and advise the regulations of agriculture." [Grain refers to: rice, millet (ie yellow rice), millet), wheat,
Three leaves → back, one circle in the middle, and one branch in Jiahe, each with one ear and three leaves,
meaning the Three People's Principles (the Three People's Principles mainly include nationalism, civil rights and people's livelihood).
Six-pointed stars → From the late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, the stars inscribed on gold, silver and copper coins include plum blossom stars,
chrysanthemum stars, rice stars, cross stars, long flower stars, six-lobed stars, five-pointed stars, six-pointed stars and dot stars.
It is usually inscribed in the center and back of the front and both sides of the back, which is an important basis for distinguishing different versions of coins.
After sorting out the literature, it is found that the following Soviet mint copied Sun Xiaotou:
Mint of Soviet Minbei Branch: Fujian-Zhejiang-Jiangxi base area is located at the junction of Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces,
and consists of two base areas: northeast Jiangxi and north Fujian. In September 1932, Soviet Minbei Branch Mint was established in Danankeng,
Chong 'an County, northern Fujian. In January 1933, he imitated Yuan Shikai and Sun Yat-sen's heads as silver coins,
and produced two or three hundred pieces of silver coins every day, which were used to purchase materials needed by the Soviet Area in Baiqu.
Mint in Sichuan-Shaanxi Soviet Area: Sichuan-Shaanxi Soviet Area needs to buy arms, radio stations, printing pigments, cloth,
salt and other materials in Kuomintang areas. Under specific historical conditions, in order to solve the problem of insufficient currency of the Republic of China in foreign trade,
the Mint in Sichuan-Shaanxi Soviet Area copied a certain amount of currency of the Republic of China. There are four kinds of counterfeit goods,
such as Sichuan Han silver coin (one yuan), Yuanbao Sunxiaotou silver coin (one yuan), and Yuan Datou silver coin (one yuan) in nine years of the Republic of China.
There are several kinds of counterfeit goods, such as Sichuan flower with 200 characters and double flag with 200 characters.
Hunan-Jiangxi Mint: In October 1932, Hunan-Jiangxi Mint was founded in the home of Xin Chen, Laoluxia Village, Longmengang, Yongxin County. In February 1933,
the Mint was owned by Hunan-Jiangxi Branch of the National Bank of the Soviet Republic of China. Under the condition of extremely poor equipment,
it solved a series of problems such as silver dollar pattern and sound, and forged silver coins for circulation in almost all areas under national control,
such as Yuan Datou and Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative coins.
Chinese Soviet National Mint: It belongs to the Ministry of Finance of the Central Soviet Government. It was established in
November 1931 by relocating and expanding the former Jiangxi Soviet Mint in Xingguo East Village, and its site is in Yangxi Village,
Ruijin. The factory has about 180 employees at the maximum. In the early spring of 1932, the fields were full of vitality,
and the mint was full of spring and excitement. Molded, silver-melted, twisted, stamped, rolled, silver-washed, printed and packaged,
all the workers are full of enthusiasm and work day and night in their respective posts.
In addition to smelting and casting, the minting equipment also includes cast iron punch (existing in Ruijin Museum), manual punch press and hand-operated
edging machine, and can cast high-quality silver ocean. The mint has created a history of casting more than 10,000 yuan of silver coins every day.
The Chinese Soviet National Mint is divided into silver melting, blank checking, punching, piping, silver washing, printing and finished product packaging departments. Besides producing
two cents of silver coins and five cents and one cent of copper coins for circulation in the Soviet Area,
the products also produce a small amount of one-yuan silver coins engraved with sickle and axe patterns. In addition,
the factory's production tasks also include copying "Yuan Datou", Sun Yat-sen's founding commemorative coin
s and Mexican Eagle Ocean, and supplying foreign trade departments to purchase materials from Kuomintang areas.
The silver and foreign products cast by the
Central Mint were of good quality and heavy weight,
and soon enjoyed a high reputation in the White Area, which annoyed the Kuomintang reactionaries.
They panicked, quickly gathered people, forged counterfeit currency, harassed the Soviet economy,
and slandered the reputation of Soviet currency. At the same time,
it was also forbidden to use the silver ocean cast by the Communist Party in the White Area. At that time,
it caused a great threat to the currency trading in the Soviet area, and the mint therefore suspended production.
Chinese civilization has lasted for 5,000 years, with a long history and culture. Every stage of historical development is the footprint of our country's growth,
and silver coins are also an important part of this long history. It also occupies an important position in its specific historical period.
It not only represents the monetary culture of modern China, but also reflects the rise and fall and vicissitudes of modern history,
economy and humanities in China. Silver dollar is precious in material and high in artistic value. It is made of precious metal or silver alloy.
It has exquisite production, exquisite pattern, delicate writing, rich content, bright silver light and lovely appearance,
and also has certain functions of maintaining and appreciating value. With the constant warming of collection investment,
silver coins in modern China have become a "dark horse" in the field of collection investment. In recent years,
with the constant warming of collection investment, modern silver coins have become increasingly popular, and prices have been rising all the way.
Especially the precious silver coin, is very active in the art market. However,
the "Silver Sample Coin of the Founding Commemorative Coin of the Republic of China" occupies a very important position in the silver dollar
because of its rare existence in the world
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